Iuliu Maniu was the prime minister of Romania on three occasions between 1928 and 1933. Because he was an opponent of Soviet influence in Romania, after the Second World War, in 1947, he was sentenced to life imprisonment with hard labor by the Communist Regime. As it was expected according to his age and to the prison conditions, he died in prison six years later. He was buried without ceremony in a common grave in the prison courtyard.
Iuliu Maniu was a prominent figure in Romanian political life. There are few examples of his actions.
On the 1st of December 1918, he engaged in an intensive unionist campaign in Alba Iulia. During this campaign, Romanians demanded separation from Austro-Hungary. In 1930, Iuliu Maniu maneuvered against the Constitution. Together with Gheorghe Mironescu, at that time the President of the Council of Ministers of Romania brought about Carol's return and deposition of his son, Michael. Carol did not respect the terms of his agreement with Iuliu Maniu and refused marriage to Queen Elena.
After the loss of Northern Transylvania, Basarabia, and Southern Dobrogea, in 1940 Carol conceded power and exiled himself. This led to the creation of the National Legionary State, a regime which aligned Romania with Nazi Germany and The Axis. In this period of time, Maniu started to talk with general Antonescu and asked for an end to the persecution of the Jews and transports of them to Transnistria.